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Process for the production of alcohols

Ref-Nr: TA-B76074


Kurzfassung

  • Synthesis gas (e.g. CO, CO2, H2) is converted by microorganisms in a bioreactor 
  • cascade of two serially connected stirred-tank reactors 
  • Utilization for small application as well as for industrial scale up


Hintergrund

The increased consumption of finite fossil raw materials raises the necessity to find ­alternatives for the production of basic chemicals and fuels. A sustainable procedure is the gas ­fermentation, where a synthesis gas (e.g. CO, CO2, H2) is converted by microorganisms in a bioreactor. The synthesis gas is available as a by-product of the agriculture, iron-, oil- and ­chemical ­industry and can thereby be recycled. Gas fermentation is a relatively new field in the cultivation of ­bacteria. In this repect Clostridium carboxidivorans is of special ­interest since it is one of the few ­acetogenic bacteria which is able to produce longer chained ­carbon ­compounds like ­butanol and hexanol directly from synthesis gas, besides acetic acid and ­ethanol.


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Lösung

This technology provides an opportunity for product formation where different cell-regulated phases are present by using a cascade of two serially connected stirred-tank reactors. Both reactors are constantly supplied with synthesis gas (CO : CO2 = 60 : 40). The first reactor is controlled at a pH value of 6 and thereby provides optimal conditions for anaerobic growth of biomass as well as production of acetat and ethanol. A part of the medium containing the bacertia and their products is constantly transfered to the second reactor, where a pH value of 5 is adjusted. In reactor two, cells do not grow anymore and convert acetat in ethanol, butanol and hexanol. This technology provides a de novo synthesis for long-chain alcohols.


Vorteile

  • Utilization for small application as well as for industrial scale up
  • Possible adaptation for the production of other bacteria & chemicals

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