Production of MAX Phases by Molten Salt Shielded Synthesis
Molten Salt Shielded Synthesis (MS3) is a novel process to synthesize non-oxide powders in air. MAX phases are a new family of materials with high potential for high temperature applications due to their unique combination of properties, bridging the gap between ceramics and metals.
MS3 is based on the encapsulation of the precursor materials in a salt media (KBr), followed by a heat treatment in air to synthesize powders. As the process is carried out using a salt media, just a simple washing in water leads to obtain the powders without any milling step. These two factors (processing in air and no milling) are a huge breakthrough in comparison to industrial processes to synthesize non-oxide powders, where protective atmospheres (vacuum or argon) and milling steps are required.
MS3 process has been successfully used to synthesize Ti3SiC2, Ti2AlC, Cr2AlC and Ti2AlN up to 500g/batch. The next step is to scale-up the process to be able to synthesize at least 4kg/batch of highly pure powders.
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MAX phases are a new family of materials with high potential for high temperature applications due to their unique combination of properties, bridging the gap between ceramics and metals. However, application of MAX phases has been limited due to the difficulties to synthesize large quantities of highly pure powders at a reasonable costs. Up to now, synthesis of large batches of MAX phases implies the formation of secondary phases, which have a detrimental effect on the final response of the materials at high temperature. Furthermore, conventional processes to synthesize MAX phases are less attractive for industry due to the high costs associated with the protective atmospheres and milling steps.
This problem can be solved using MS3 process to produce MAX phase powders, since the purity is high and large batches can be produced. MS3 is simple, cheap, and environmentally-friendly, so it will be attractive to industry. We will mainly focus on the synthesis of MAX phase powders, but we will also investigate the synthesis of other non-oxide materials due to the high interest from different companies.
- MS3 will be used to synthesize MAX phases, in particular Ti3AlC2, Ti2AlC, Cr2AlC, V2AlC, Nb4AlC3, MoAlB, and Ti3SiC2 as well as other phases depending on the demand. The main application of these phases are for high temperature, such as structural components for gas turbines, coatings, Concentrated Solar Power (CSP), porous catalytic supports and targets for PVD.
- MS3 will be also employed to synthesize other non-oxide powders such as SiC and alloys.
If you have questions about the technology
please refer to:
Prof. Dr. Jesus Gonzalez-Julian
Institute of Energy and Climate Research (IEK-1)
Phone: +49 (0) 246161 96761
- WO WO/2019/011358 anhängig
- WO WO/2019/011359 anhängig
StichworteMAX phases, Synthesis, non-oxide powders, molten salt, environmentally friendly process